How to Effectively Communicate with Your Gifted Child
Gifted Children in Your Family
What comes with academically gifted children is not just ease in learning, but an insatiable appetite for knowledge, probing, and sophisticated questions about people, relationships, and the world that surrounds them, not to mention an unrelenting drive for excellence. Proud parents hone in early on to the exceptional abilities of their young ones and generally go to great lengths to ensure those intellectual passions are fed and nurtured through school, outside enrichment courses, and activities.
The instinct to hyper-attend and nourish the minds of gifted children is both right and necessary, however, moms and dads also want to be mindful that they are not raising one-dimensional children. Just like physically gifted youth can struggle academically because of an overemphasis on physical prowess, so to can the social and emotional areas suffer in academically elite children if dialogue and interactions are focused primarily on intellect. From birth, communication is key to not only maximizing intellectual brilliance but balancing focus and interactions in a way that allows for the blossoming of a healthy, happy, contributing, and well-rounded member of the community.
Communicating with Infants
Breaking and exceeding intellectual milestones are all too common feats for gifted children. Parents will notice even in the early stages of infancy that gifted children possess an aptitude for receptive language. Babies will react deliberately and consistently to repetitive speech patterns, frequently played songs and television programs, as well as to simple questions and comments to let their primary caregivers know that they understand. Gifted babies will provide deliberate as opposed to reflexive responses such as to smile when asked if they want milk, or when they want to hear more of a favorite song, in addition to waving their hands or kicking their feet excitedly to indicate that they are receiving and comprehending the communications.
Ongoing verbal interactions with babies with superior receptive language abilities will accelerate the learning process, bring joy, and also a closer bond between parents and their children. As long as the infant is not overwhelmed or in any way caused distress by the ongoing verbal interactions of adults, it is advisable to continue to engage with them in this way.
As receptive language grows at a rapid pace, parents will notice their intellectual outliers defy typical lingual benchmarks. As children grow older, the expressive language will likely produce bountiful vocabulary that allows for adult-like and articulate inquiries, expressions, and exchanges with others.
Expressive Language and Age-Appropriate Communication
As expressive language grows, so too will the desire to learn about all things and people in the immediate and outside environment. Inquisitive minds will want answers to questions occurring in every facet of their day such as in the kitchen while mom or dad are cooking dinner, during a family road trip as they view the scenery out the car window, during storytime, in the grocery store, during a religious service, when they see and hear the news on television and in so many other day-to-day occurrences.
It may be the inclination of parents to respond to the inquiries of their children and, for the most part, it is beneficial to the intellectual mind to provide young people the answers they desire. However, moms and dads want to be mindful that the information they are communicating to their children is age-appropriate because the intellectual ability to ask a sophisticated question, does not necessarily mean children possess the emotional capacity to process the answer. For example, if parents are watching a local news report on television about violent protests occurring in their neighborhood, the gifted child might ask why people are angry and breaking the window of a store. While it may seem reasonable to respond with detailed information on this subject, this real-life event is disconcerting for most adults to handle, so what children need in this instance is to be protected from it. Truth be told, what children want to know when the outside world is chaotic is that they are safe, they have nothing to worry about, and mommy or daddy will make sure everything is okay.
Communication and Empathy for Others
Most gifted children are used to being heaped with loads of acknowledgment and praise about their intellectual talents from parents, other family members, teachers, and even peers so it should come as no surprise that elevated intellectual self-esteem coincides with this type of ongoing adoration. Children deserve to feel good about their extraordinary abilities and the accolades that accompany them, however, confidence can veer off a healthy emotional path and transform quickly into arrogance. Excessive attention and compliments about intellect can turn the desire to express knowledge and information into the creation of an unflattering platform to show off and brag about intellectual brilliance.
The possession of advanced learning capabilities can give gifted children a false sense of superiority over their peers. Not only is this particular quality off-putting in the social realm, but can potentially be hurtful to friends and siblings of average or below intellect. The time and attention that parents put into nurturing intellectual talents must be balanced with equal amounts of energy keeping children grounded in reality as well as compassion for others. Moms and dads need to make it clear to their offspring that while intellectual achievements are something to be proud of, grades, awards, and special recognition do not equate to superiority over others.
Communicating Empathy for Self
It is not uncommon for gifted children to be goal setters, naturally motivated, and driven. The rapid ability and ease at which exceptional children learn are conducive to the rise of these desirable qualities. However, along with being extremely ambitious, often comes the perfectionist trait. Gifted children are aware that learning comes easily for them and with that knowledge often comes unreasonably high self-imposed expectations. The resulting outcome of these intense qualities can be intellectual self-esteem that fluctuates based on extrinsic outcomes like test scoring percentage and class rank as opposed to the appreciation of learning and growth.
The perfectionist mentality manifests when gifted children make mistakes on projects and exams, as well as when concepts and subject matter are not grasped right away. Parents must emphasize that even for their exceptional children, learning will not always come easily and will also require time and patience. Most importantly, children must come to understand that mistakes and struggles do not equate in any way to intellectual or academic inadequacy.
Good grades, academic certificates, scholarships, and honor roll are part of the rewards that gifted children experience throughout their educational career, however, their self-esteem should not be shackled to these external prizes or rankings amongst peers. There exists a very small percentage of individuals who are the outright best at a specific skill or subject, therefore the measure and growth of self-esteem for even the most gifted child should never be based on a comparison between one individual and another. If self-esteem only grows based on doing better than everyone else then a child will never be able to achieve an acceptable level of internal satisfaction with anything less than number one.
Whole Child Communication
Astrophysicists, neuroscientists, surgeons, lawyers, engineers, and world leaders are professions that are attractive and often sought by gifted youth from an early age. Opportunities that will nurture the intellectual talents of exceptional youth need to be a constant early on in childhood, however, possession of an advanced intellectual quotient is not a guarantee for achievement in the future. Parents need to ensure that they are raising multifaceted individuals by also incorporating a developmental mix of physical activities as well as social engagements and most especially thoughtful guidance that allows them to grow up to be secure, empathetic, and well-balanced adults primed for optimal success.